The first day of Smart Farming World Summit Russia is over. The summit was opened by the strategic session "At the threshold of the fourth industrial revolution", where participants noted that one of the country's top priorities is the development of knowledge-intensive areas, primarily digital, for economy intensification, import substitution assurance and food security.
One of discussion participants, Deputy General Director of "Agrosila" holding Marat Zolin, noted that for example, technologies of precision farming has being implemented in Tatarstan for several years. However they are not complex solutions yet, but individual elements of branched system, including also fuel analysis and robotization of warehouses, GIS (creation of field maps, fertility maps) etc. In addition "We are implementing auto pilotage and parallel pilotage systems, which have already shown their effectiveness", said Mr. Zolin. Projects are still scattered, which determines both the tasks scale and the rapid technology development.
Doctor Radu M.Giurgiu from laboratory PlantGeek LAB emphasized international cooperation importance and specialists experience exchange in the field of agricultural sector digitalization.
Valery Milyh, Director of the cloud technology department in Sense company, began his presentation with a fact statement: “There is a resource crisis in agriculture. The agricultural sector consumes up to 70% of the whole water volume used by population and up to 15% of energy. There are also problems with resources outside the production process: 20% of products for various reasons are lost in the supply chain". Mentioned problems can not be solved just by adding new technologies and creating new holdings, we need new approaches to find effective solutions. One of such approach is the creation of robots based on machine learning systems.
Alexander Sayapin, owner of a peasant farm, told about non-standard robots. Milking, feeding, cleaning etc. robots are not just a replacement for workers. Instead of concentrating a large number of animals in a confined space, robots allow the creation of small, efficient farms. With this approach, a herd of two hundred milking cows can be fully serviced by only two people. "Robotic system, unlike a person, does not know how to goof off – it will do, what it was told", said Mr. Sayapin.
During the digital exhibition, which was held at the same time in the next room, specialists of the R-Sept company demonstrated the capabilities of the robot-feeder AFP. This is only one of the smart machines of the robotic dairy farm project.
Participants of other summit streams also shared their experiences and cases of high-tech technologies implementation in agricultural sector. The project manager of agro-industrial complex Rostselmash Oleg Alexandrov mentioned an unexpected positive effect of digitalization - placebo effect: when mechanizers are told that the tracker is installed, but the tracker is missing. According to Mr. Alexandrov, fuel economy can be reached up to thirty percent.
According to Andrey Sizov, Director of analytical center "SovEcon", Russian agriculture is developing rapidly and has been demonstrating a steady growth for five years already. "The Russian economy showed a decline of 0.5% last year, but agriculture grew by five percent", said Andrey Sizov. However, as Mr. Sizov noted, the growth drivers are almost exhausted, so it is necessary to create new ones, to provide first of all, a multi-sector digitalization in agriculture.
Andrey Oleinik, Managing Director for agribusiness of "Basic Element" group, recalled the importance of state support and noted the high capital intensity of digitalization projects and the difficulty of estimating the payback - it is necessary to rely on indirect factors when calculating, for example, in yields increase.
Summarizing the first day results, we would like to note that experts believe there are still problems in automating agriculture and this problem is multifactorial: it is necessary to develop as new technologies like "vertical farms" or "precise farming" and the technology of "Internet of things", as for example, the personnel training for different segments of the modern agro-industry.
Tomorrow, during the second day of Smart Farming World Summit Russia, the speakers will continue their public speaking and also the course "Digital transformation of the agro-industrial complex." will take place for the leaders of agricultural industry.
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